Dance in India has a specific & sentimental background. A historical and developmental study of the art of dance in India would call for a complex enquiry involving several disciplines. In the development of Indian dance the literature, sculptural art and music have played an important role. This inter -relationship is well represented in the dialogues between King Vajra and Markandeya in the Vishnudharmottara Purana which represents that how the sage to teach the at of iconography after having the knowledge of painting dance, rhythms or instrumental or vocal music. Through the history of classical Indian art particularly sculpture and literature it is possible to put together a fairly continuous social and technical history of dance.